Kugwiritsa ntchito mayeso a COVID-19 antigen mwachangu m'maiko aku Europe

Kuyambira mwezi wa Marichi koyambirira kwa chaka chino, ambiri aife takhala tikukhala tokha, kukhala kwaokha, ndipo mosiyana ndi kale lonse.COVID-19, mliri wa coronavirus, ndi mliri wapadziko lonse lapansi womwe ukukhudza mayiko monga Italy, United Kingdom, United States, Spain, ndi China, pakati pa ena.
Kuyesetsa kwamayiko ena kuchepetsa kufalikira kwa kachilomboka, monga New Zealand, kunali kolimba kumayambiriro kwa mliriwu kuposa mayiko ena, monga UK ndi US.Pakalipano, ngakhale kuti milandu yayamba kuchepa m'mayiko ambiri a ku Ulaya, milandu ikuyamba kukwera mofulumira.Izi zikukakamiza boma kuti likhazikitse ziletso zatsopano, monga kutseka malo odyera ndi malo odyera, kugwira ntchito kunyumba, komanso kuchepetsa kucheza ndi ena.
Vuto pano, komabe, ndikudziwa yemwe ali ndi kachilomboka komanso yemwe alibe.Ngakhale kuyesetsa koyambirira kuti kufalikira, ziwerengero zikuchulukiranso - makamaka chifukwa zonyamula zina zili ndi asymptomatic (amatha kufalitsa kachilomboka koma osawona chilichonse).
Ngati kufalikira kwa kachilomboka ndikuyambitsa ziletso zatsopano kupitilira, ndiye kuti tili m'nyengo yozizira, makamaka ndi chimfine chomwe chikuyendanso.Ndiye, kodi mayiko akuchita chiyani poyesa kuletsa kufalikira?
Nkhaniyi ifotokoza za kuyesa kwa antigen kwa COVID-19;zomwe zili, momwe zimagwiritsidwira ntchito, ndi mayankho ochokera kumayiko osiyanasiyana aku Europe.

Mayeso a COVID-19 mwachangu a antigen
Mayiko monga United States ndi Canada akugula mamiliyoni a zida zoyesera za antigen mwachangu, pofuna kuyesa anthu ambiri, kuti adziwe yemwe ali ndi kachilomboka komanso yemwe alibe kachilomboka mwachangu kuti athe kufalitsa.
Mayeso othamanga a antigen amasanthula mapuloteni enieni okhudzana ndi SARS-COV-2.Kuyesedwa kumatengedwa kudzera pa nasopharyngeal (NP) kapena nasal (NS) swab, ndi zotsatira zomwe zimapezeka mumphindi, mosiyana ndi maola kapena masiku pogwiritsa ntchito njira zina.
Kuyesa kwachangu kwa antigen kwa COVID-19 sikumamva bwino kwambiri kuposa kuyesa kwagolide kwa RT-PCR, koma kumapereka nthawi yosinthira mwachangu kuti azindikire matenda a SARS-COV-2 panthawi yopatsirana.Cholakwika chofala kwambiri pakuyezetsa ma antigen mwachangu chimachitika pakutolera zitsanzo zakupuma.Pazifukwa izi, tikulimbikitsidwa kukhala ndi akatswiri azachipatala kuti apereke mayeso.
Njira zoyesera, monga kuyesa kwa COVID-19 mwachangu kwa antigen zikuyendetsedwa kwambiri ndi zigawo zosiyanasiyana, osati United States ndi Canada zokha.Mwachitsanzo, ku Switzerland, komwe milandu ikukwera mwachangu, akuganiza zoyesa kuyesa ma antigen mwachangu kuti athe kuthana ndi kachilomboka.Mofananamo, Germany yapeza mayeso mamiliyoni asanu ndi anayi, kuwalola kuyesa 10% ya anthu onse.Tikachita bwino, titha kuwona mayeso ochulukirapo omwe adalamulidwa ndikuyesera kugonjetsera kachilomboka.

Kodi kuyezetsa kwa antigen mwachangu kumagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti?
Monga tafotokozera kale, phindu lalikulu la kuyesa kwa antigen mwachangu kuposa njira zina zoyesera ndikusintha mwachangu nthawi yazotsatira.M'malo modikirira maola kapena masiku angapo, zotsatira zimapezeka mumphindi.Izi zimapangitsa njira yoyesera kukhala yabwino m'malo ndi zochitika zambiri, mwachitsanzo, kulola anthu kubwerera kuntchito, kuyesa madera omwe ali ndi matenda ambiri, komanso kuyesa gawo lalikulu la mayiko onse.
Komanso kuyesa kwa antigen ndi njira yabwino kwambiri yowonera ndege zisanachitike, kulowa ndi kutuluka m'maiko osiyanasiyana.M'malo moyika anthu m'malo okhala kwaokha akafika kudziko lina, amatha kuyesedwa nthawi yomweyo, kuwalola kuyambiranso moyo wawo watsiku ndi tsiku, pokhapokha atapezeka kuti ali ndi kachilomboka.

Njira zosiyanasiyana zamayiko osiyanasiyana aku Europe
United Kingdom, monganso maiko ena ku Europe, nawonso ayamba kutsatira.Malinga ndi nkhani yochokera ku Guardian, eyapoti ya Heathrow tsopano ikupereka mayeso a antigen kwa omwe akupita ku Hong Kong.Mayesowa adzawononga ndalama zokwana £80 ndi zotsatira zomwe zikupezeka mu ola limodzi lokha.Komabe, mayesowa amayenera kuyitanidwa asanafike pa eyapoti, ndipo okwera omwe adzayezetse kuti ali ndi kachilomboka sangathe kuwuluka.
Ngati njira iyi yoyesera ma antigen mwachangu ikagwira ntchito ku Heathrow pamaulendo apandege opita ku Hong Kong, titha kuyembekezera kuti izi zichitike pamaulendo apaulendo opita kumayiko ena, mwina omwe ali ndi matenda okwera kwambiri monga Italy, Spain, ndi United States.Izi zitha kuchepetsa nthawi yokhala kwaokha poyenda pakati pa mayiko, kulekanitsa omwe ali ndi kachilomboka komanso alibe, omwe ali ndi kachilomboka bwino.
Ku Germany, a Gerard Krause, wamkulu wa dipatimenti ya miliri ku Helmholtz for Infection Research akuwonetsa kuti odwala omwe ali pachiwopsezo chochepa amawunikiridwa mwachangu ndi mayeso a antigen, mayeso a PCR amasiyidwa kwa omwe akuwonetsa.Njira yoyesera iyi imapulumutsa mayeso olondola kwambiri kwa omwe amawafuna kwambiri, ndikuyesabe kuchuluka kwa anthu ambiri.
Ku United States, UK, ndi maiko ena, mliriwu utayamba kugunda apaulendo ambiri adakhumudwitsidwa ndikuwunika pang'onopang'ono kuyesa kwa PCR.Anthu amayenera kukhala kwaokha asanapite komanso atatha kuyenda, ndipo zotsatira zake sizinkapezeka nthawi zina kwa masiku angapo.Komabe, poyambitsa mayesero a antigen, zotsatira zilipo tsopano mu mphindi zochepa za 15 - kutsata ndondomekoyi mofulumira ndikulola anthu kuyambiranso moyo wawo wa tsiku ndi tsiku popanda kusokoneza pang'ono.

Pomaliza
Mayeso a antigen a COVID-19 akuchulukirachulukirachulukirachulukira m'maiko aku Europe.Mosiyana ndi njira zina zoyesera, monga PCR, kuyesa kwa antigen kumakhala kofulumira, kumatulutsa zotsatira zosachepera mphindi 15, nthawi zina mwachangu.
Maiko monga Germany, Switzerland, Italy, ndi United States ayitanitsa kale mamiliyoni a mayeso a antigen.Njira yatsopano yoyeserayi ikugwiritsidwa ntchito poyesa kuchepetsa kufalikira kwa kachilomboka, kuyesa unyinji wa anthu kuti adziwe yemwe ali ndi kachilomboka komanso yemwe alibe.Tidzawonanso mayiko ambiri akutsatira chitsanzo ichi.
Mayiko ochulukirapo agwiritsa ntchito kuyesa kwa COVID-19 mwachangu m'miyezi ingapo ikubwerayi, mwina njira yabwino yokhalira ndi kachilomboka mpaka katemera atapezeka ndikupangidwa mochuluka.


Nthawi yotumiza: Nov-27-2021